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The Malthusian league was founded in 1877 on the grounds of making efforts to alleviate over-population which they viewed as the cause of poverty. The records of this league's work are chronicled in the periodicals known as The Malthusian and later on in The New Generation.
The first goal of the Malthusian League was to educate citizens on Malthus' economic arguments and not on birth control. However, when the talking about solutions for the world's over-population, they decided that birth control was a viable option.
Due to the fact that the Malthusians believed that over-population was the only cause of poverty, they were often against socialst ideas. Some socialists, however, responded well to the Malthucian League's positions when it came to the subject of birth control thus leading to certain socialists to also be Malthucians. Stella Browne, for instance, a self proclaimed socialist, represented The New Generation League at the Worker's Birth Control Group.
The Malthusian League was dissolved in 1927.