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Lansbury, George (1859-1940)

Dublin Core

Title

Lansbury, George (1859-1940)

Subject

Lansbury, George

Description

An English politician and social activist belonging to and leading the Labour Party who was for social justice, women's rights, and world disarmament.

Contributor

Johnson-Flenga, Circe

Format

Identification

Language

English

Type

Stub

Person Item Type Metadata

Birth Date

1859-02-22

Birthplace

Halesworth, Suffolk, England

Death Date

1940-05-7

Occupation

Politician
Social Reformer

Biographical Text

George Lansbury was born in Halesworth, Suffolk, England on the 22nd of February 1859. At the age of nine his family had moved into London's East End. As a child, Lansbury was an atheist, however, after having been influenced by Stuart Headlam and Philip Snowdon in the 1890's he became a Christian Socialist. After joining the Labour Party, Lansbury became a ward secretary and later a general secretary for the Bow and Bromley Liberal and Radical Association. Lansbury was a Member of Parliament for Bow and Bromley from the 3rd of December 1910 till the 26th of November 1912. In October, 1912, Lansbury decided to draw attention to the struggles of the Women's Social & Political Union's prisoners by resigning his seat in the House of Commons.
James Keir Hardie and Lansbury, led the campaign in Parliament for votes for women. George Lansbury was often seen fighting for women's rights.
In the arguments held with the Neville Chamberlain, the Minister of Health, Lansbury addressed the poor administration and reform by calling "The Ministry of Health" the "Ministry of Death". Lansbury was then Chairman of the Labour Party from 1927 to 1928.
In the general election of 1929, the Labour party won, being the largest party. Ramsey MacDonald, the Prime Minister made Lansbury the First Commisioner of Works, a position which he held from June 7th 1929 till August 24th 1931.
Following the resignation of Arthur Henderson on October 25th 1932, George Lansbury became the Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition and concluded his term on October 8th 1935.
Lansbury's daughter, Dorothy (1890–1973) married Ernest Thurtle and as her father did, fought for women's rights by Workers' Birth Control Group in 1924 with her husband, Ernest Thurtle and many others.

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