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Chamberlain, Neville (1869-1940)

Dublin Core

Title

Chamberlain, Neville (1869-1940)

Subject

Chamberlain, Neville

Description

Chamberlain was the Minister of Health, later Leader of the Conservative Party, and Prime Minister of England known for his Chamberlain was British prime minister between 1937 and 1940 and often linked to the policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany.

Contributor

Johnson-Flenga, Circe (created stub)

Language

English

Type

Stub

Coverage

Birmingham, Warwickshire, England

Person Item Type Metadata

Birth Date

1869-04-18

Birthplace

Birmingham, Warwickshire, England

Death Date

1940-11-9

Occupation

Businessman
Minister of Health
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Lord President of the Council
Leader of the Conservative Party
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Biographical Text

Neville Chamberlain was born on the 18th of March, 1869 in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England. He was born into a family of politicians, with his father, Joseph Chamberlain being an influential politician of the 1800's. Neville Chamberlain's older half-brother, Austen Chamberlain was also involved in politics, having held many political positions, and winning the Nobel Peace Prize. He managed his family's plantation in the Bahamas and later on returned to England and was very successful in the Birmingham metalworking industry. At the age of forty-six, he was designated Lord of Birmingham, and was then elected as a Conservative member of Parliament. Chamberlain's first term as Chancellor of the Exchequer started in 1923 and concluded in 1924. He then served two terms as the Minister of Health. Chamberlain's first term as Minister of Health lasted from the 6th of November 1924 till the 4th of June 1929 and his second from the 25th of August 1931 till the 5th of November 1931 when he was succeeded by William Joynson-Hicks.Chamberlain's second term as Chancellor of the Exchequer began on the 5th of November 1931 and was completed on the 28th of May 1937. Neville Chamberlain's political career was far from over, serving as Lord President of the Council from May 10th of 1940 till October 3rd of 1940, Leader of the Conservative Party from the 27th of May 1937 till the 9th October of 1940, and finally as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from the 28th of May 1937 till the 10th of May 1940. While serving as the Minister of Health, Francis Alfred Broad asked him if his department would raise any objection to birth control information being given at "infant welfare centres to married women who desire it, by voluntary workers who work at the centers, if the women are informed, Broad asked about where the information could be accessed. Chamberlain then replied that information should not be given at infant welfare centers but at a private doctor or hospital, only for women who "it appears to be needed on medical grounds."

Having lived through the First World war, Neville Chamberlain was adamant in wanting to deter another World War. He was then involved in the Munich agreement in which France and England decided to cede the Czech region of Sudetenland in order to assure peace. Despite his efforts, this later on led to Hitler's annexation of the Czech lands in March of 1939 and then the invasion of Poland in September which then led to Chamberlain and Britain's declaration of war on Germany, which commenced the Second World War.
In May of 1940, Chamberlain resigned and was succeeded by Winston Churchill, for who he served as lord president of the council.
Neville Chamberlain died on November 9th, 1940, in Heckfield, Hampshire, England.

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