Carlos Paton Blacker Papers
Blacker, C. P.
International Committee on Planned Parenthood
International Planned Parenthood Federation
From the Wellcome Library site: "Carlos Blacker (1895-1975) was a key actor in a period of extraordinary social change. His papers reflect the often bitter policy disputes that took place within the Eugenics Society during his time as General Secretary. Under his forceful leadership its policies shifted from coercive segregation and sterilisation of the 'unfit' to the promotion of medically managed birth control, which some members feared would limit the breeding of those with social, intellectual and economic advantages. The separate records of the Society itself are also held by the Wellcome Library (SA/EUG) and have been digitised. During this time public opinion swung from broad tolerance of eugenic thinking to widespread disgust at 'race hygiene' policies such as those that led to the Nazi extermination camps. Although a promoter of eugenic policies, Blacker had no truck with what he saw as the perversion of race hygiene under the Nazis. After World War II he undertook an assessment of Nazi sterilisation experiments and reported that they had no scientific value. His correspondents include many of the 'great and good' of British science, including Sir Julian Huxley, Sir John Cockcroft and Sir Charles Galton Darwin. Blacker features prominently in the history of the National Birth Control Association (later the Family Planning Association, FPA), the International Planned Parenthood Federation, and the Simon Population Trust (of which he was Chairman). These organisations undertook much practical work in the area of fertility control. From the 1930s the FPA coordinated a network of family planning clinics in the UK; in the 1960s the Simon Trust was largely responsible for establishing the legality of male and female voluntary sterilisation, and conducted the first follow-up study of men who had had vasectomies. Papers in the Blacker collection document the establishment and activities of these organisations and correspondents include Marie Stopes, Margaret Pyke and Sir Ernest Simon. The papers illustrate how these voluntary organisations led the way in providing services on birth control and advice on population policy, which was later adopted by government departments. Blacker was instrumental in the establishment of the Royal Commission on Population, which sat from 1944 to 1949. He also formed a close alliance with the Research Group on Population of the influential think-tank Political and Economic Planning, and contributed to its 'World Population and Resources' report in 1955."
Blacker, C. P.
Wellcome Library, Wellcome Trust
Hajo, Cathy Moran (metadata)
For permission to use this collection contact the Archives and Manuscripts Division, Wellcome Library.
Collection Item Type Metadata
The Wellcome Library has digitized this collection, here.
These records are already digitized. Need to figure out how best to integrate discovery of them with the Wellcome site.