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The Workers’ Birth Control Group was, unlike other groups, not formed with the intention of establishing clinics and distributing information and pamphlets on birth control, but was instead created with the goal of encouraging public action…

The Salt Lake Branch of the American Birth Control League was founded following a visit to Salt Lake City by Dr. James F. Cooper.

The Pennsylvania Branch of the American Birth Control League was organized in December 1921. After the Birth Control League of Allegheny County was formed as an individual organization in Pittsburgh, the Pennsylvania Branch based in Philadelphia…

In July, 1924 the League opened a space on Michigan Avenue in Chicago, where physicians could give instruction and advice about birth control to patients. A second site was later opened on Lincoln St. to serve the same purpose.

The Connecticut Branch of the American Birth Control League was founded in 1923 by Martha Houghton Hepburn, Mrs. George Day, and Mrs. M. Toscan Bennett, after the three heard Margaret Sanger speak at the Parson’s Theater in Hartford.

The San Francisco Birth Control Committee was organized by Anne Kennedy, the Executive and Legislative Secretary of the American Birth Control League. The Committee was involved in educational work and engaged with other local organizations such as…

Rosika Schwimmer was a Hungarian feminist, pacifist, and world federalist. She toured Europe with Carrie Chapman Catt to lecture on woman’s suffrage, worked as a correspondent for several European newspapers, served as ambassador to Switzerland…

Aletta Jacobs was the first Dutch woman to become a medical doctor; she opened and ran a free clinic where she taught women about hygiene and infant care, and distributed pessaries. In 1903 she became the leader of the Dutch Association for Woman’s…

Katti Anker Moller was an advocate for children born out of wedlock, as well as for the decriminalization of abortion. She established an office in Oslo in 1924 aimed at providing information about contraception.

Dora Russell was a British feminist, socialist, and author. Russell was involved in organizing the World League for Sexual Reform’s 1929 congress in London, and later was a founding member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Norman Haire served as chief honorary medical officer at the Walworth Women’s Welfare Centre. He lectured on birth control and sexology at Oxford and Cambridge University, and began writing a weekly advice column under a pen name in the Australian…

Charles Vickery Drysdale became the editor of The Malthusian in 1907, succeeding his father. He became president of the Malthusian League in 1921.

A.M. Stephen was a Canadian writer, educator, and activist involved in social and labor movements. Along with his work for the Canadian Birth Control League, he served as president of the League Against War and Fascism, and organized for the Spanish…

Helene Stoecker was a German feminist and social reformer. She was responsible for the philosophy known as the New Ethic, which promoted equality of illegitimate children, legalization of abortion, and sexual education.

Roberto Haberman was an American socialist lawyer and left-wing activist who lived most of his life in Mexico City and Yucatán working as the head of the Foreign Language Department of the Ministry of Education. He helped introduce important…

Abe Isoo was a Japanese Christian socialist, parliamentarian, and activist. He helped found the first Japanese Socialist Party.

Hornell Hart was a Professor of Sociology at Duke University from 1938 to 1957. He wrote The Enigma of Survival (1959) as well as Toward a New Philosophical Basis for Parapsychological Phenomena. He was well known for studying apparitions and astral…

W. F. Willcox was an American statistician who initiated the first statistics course at Cornell University in 1892.

Leopold Katscher was a journalist and social reformer who designed and co-founded several journals, including Weltstädtische Plauderspaziergänge. He was also involved in the international peace movement and women’s rights movement.

Anne Kennedy worked for the American Birth Control League, and organized the San Francisco Birth Control Committee in August, 1924.

Gopalji Ahluwalia established the Indian Eugenic Society in Lehore and Simla in 1921, before moving to Delhi in 1922, where he started the Indian Birth Control Society. During that same year, he began corresponding with other birth control activists…

Knut Wicksell was a Swedish economist identified with the Stockholm school of thought. He proposed solutions to labor and societal issues based on Malthusian ideas about birth control, which he defended until the end of his life.

Hugo de Vries was a Dutch botanist and geneticist best known for suggesting the concept of genes, introducing the term “mutation,” and developing a mutual theory of evolution.

Bessie Ingham Drysdale was a British educator and Neo-Malthusian. She taught at Stockwell College before joining her husband, Charles Vickery Drysdale, working for the Malthusian League.

The Dutch branch of the Malthusian League was founded in 1881.

On July 23, 1920, France passed a law prohibiting the sale of birth control devices and the distribution of birth control or abortion propaganda. It was amended in 1967.

Tadeusz “Boy” Źelinski, was a controversial Polish social critic and non-practicing physician who advocated women’s rights to civil marriage, divorce, birth control and abortion. Zelinski, who helped establish the Poradnia Świadomego…

Maximillian Thule was a Polish senator associated with the Christian Democrat Party and a physician.,

Haddad was a physician at the American University Hospital in Beirut who met with Edith How-Martyn regarding providing birth control services.

Leonard Moore was an American, born in Beirut but trained in the United States, who returned to Syria in 1931 to work at the American University, specializing in pediatrics.

Max Hodann was a German socialist, sex educator and physician associated with the Institute of Sexual Science, who ran two birth control clinics in Berlin.

The Poradnia Świadomego Macierzyństwa w Warszawie was a birth control clinic opened by Drs. Herman Rubinraut and Justyna Budzińska-Tylicka in 1931.

Olga Ginsburg was a Russian-born gynecologist who helped found the Women’s International Zionist Organization and had worked at the Illinois Birth Control League in Chicago in the 1920s before moving to Palestine in September, 1933.

Jewish doctor in Palestine who worked with Hadassah in Jerusalem and quietly supported birth control efforts there.

Haddasah is a Jewish woman's association, founded in the United States in 1912, that focuses on health education, social action and advocacy. Starting in 1913 Hadassah sent nurses and health workers to provide services in Palestine.

An organization that served as a clearing house for research on sex and sexuality, founded by Magnus Hirschfeld in 1921. The League held congresses in Copenhagen (1928), London (1929), Vienna (1930), and Brno (1932). It dissolved in 1932 and many of…

The Bund, founded by Johann Ferch in 1923 in Vienna, used neo-Malthusian principles to justify support of birth control. changed its name to Association for Birth Control in 1925.

Betti Ferch was an Austrian birth control activist who served as chair of the Bund fur Geburtenkontrolle from 1925-34.

Dr. Lascaux opposed laws against birth control.

Georges Beltrami was a professor at the School of Medicine of Marseilles who opposed the 1920 French law against birth control

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States, a progressive politician and opponent of birth control.

Professor Henri Jean Baptiste Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu was an opponent of birth control who wrote La Question de Population.

Tire company that supported pro-natalists in France in 1920s.

An organization that worked to increase the French birth rate in the 1920s.

Eugène Humbert worked for birth control in France in the 1920s.

Gaston Doumergue was president of France when the anti-contraception law was passed in 1920.

Gabriel Giroud was a leading French birth control propagandist who wrote under the pseudonym, Georges Hardy and was associated with La Ligue de la Régénération Humaine.
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