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Gopalji Ahluwalia established the Indian Eugenic Society in Lehore and Simla in 1921, before moving to Delhi in 1922, where he started the Indian Birth Control Society. During that same year, he began corresponding with other birth control activists…

The Alameda County Birth Control League maintained a mother’s health clinic in Oakland.

A socialist British Politician, an Independent Labour Party leading member.

A British child welfare activist and landscape architect.

An organization that worked to increase the French birth rate in the 1920s.

A British women's rights advocate.

Georges Beltrami was a professor at the School of Medicine of Marseilles who opposed the 1920 French law against birth control

Josephine Day Bennett, (Mrs. M. Toscan Bennett), was a suffragist and one of three women who founded the Connecticut Branch of the American Birth Control League.

The Schenectady Birth Control Committee held monthly luncheon conferences and in 1924 hosted Margaret Sanger, who addressed a gathering there.

The Birth Control Committee of Syracuse was formed following a conference held on the subject in a Syracuse auditorium. The committee quickly began discussions concerning the establishment of a birth control clinic in the area.

The establishment of the Birth Control League of Massachusetts took place in response to the prosecution of Van Kleeck Allison in 1916. The League reorganized as the Family Welfare Foundation under the leadership of Dr. Evangeline Young in 1919, but…

The Birth Control League of New York opened its headquarters at 104 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, in 1916. The league's primary objective was to support Margaret Sanger in her legal fight for birth control.

The Birth Control League of Ohio was formed approximately two months after Margaret Sanger made two appearances in Cleveland in 1916.

Politician who served as a Member of Parliament, and belonged to the Labour Party.

The Bund, founded by Johann Ferch in 1923 in Vienna, used neo-Malthusian principles to justify support of birth control. changed its name to Association for Birth Control in 1925.

From the Wellcome Library site: "Carlos Blacker (1895-1975) was a key actor in a period of extraordinary social change. His papers reflect the often bitter policy disputes that took place within the Eugenics Society during his time as General…

Chamberlain was the Minister of Health, later Leader of the Conservative Party, and Prime Minister of England known for his Chamberlain was British prime minister between 1937 and 1940 and often linked to the policy of appeasement towards Nazi…

Durham S. F. Chen was inspired by Margaret Sanger’s lecture given at the Government University of Peking during her trip to China, which he was unable to attend but read in full the day after it was given. Chen left China in August 1922.

The Connecticut Branch of the American Birth Control League was founded in 1923 by Martha Houghton Hepburn, Mrs. George Day, and Mrs. M. Toscan Bennett, after the three heard Margaret Sanger speak at the Parson’s Theater in Hartford.

Cox was a British economist and journalist that served a term in Parliament in the 1910s. He was a birth control supporter, opposed socialism, and became friends with Margaret Sanger in 1915.

Hugo de Vries was a Dutch botanist and geneticist best known for suggesting the concept of genes, introducing the term “mutation,” and developing a mutual theory of evolution.

Gaston Doumergue was president of France when the anti-contraception law was passed in 1920.

Bessie Ingham Drysdale was a British educator and Neo-Malthusian. She taught at Stockwell College before joining her husband, Charles Vickery Drysdale, working for the Malthusian League.

Charles Vickery Drysdale became the editor of The Malthusian in 1907, succeeding his father. He became president of the Malthusian League in 1921.

The Pennsylvania Branch of the American Birth Control League was organized in December 1921. After the Birth Control League of Allegheny County was formed as an individual organization in Pittsburgh, the Pennsylvania Branch based in Philadelphia…

Dr. John Favill served as the chairman of the Middle Western States Committee on Birth Control and used his medical knowledge to campaign for access to birth control information.

Betti Ferch was an Austrian birth control activist who served as chair of the Bund fur Geburtenkontrolle from 1925-34.

Johann Ferch was an Austrian neo-Malthusian, socialist writer, and printer who organized some twenty-two Mother’s Advice Clinics in Austria, with his wife Betti Ferch.

On July 23, 1920, France passed a law prohibiting the sale of birth control devices and the distribution of birth control or abortion propaganda. It was amended in 1967.

Olga Ginsburg was a Russian-born gynecologist who helped found the Women’s International Zionist Organization and had worked at the Illinois Birth Control League in Chicago in the 1920s before moving to Palestine in September, 1933.

Gabriel Giroud was a leading French birth control propagandist who wrote under the pseudonym, Georges Hardy and was associated with La Ligue de la Régénération Humaine.

Dr. Gottschalk opposed laws against birth control.

Sue Green was a British-born former headmistress of a English girls school in Constantinople who was living in France by the 1920s. She became a birth control activist after meeting Edith How-Martyn and Emilie Rieder, and worked on organizing in…

Roberto Haberman was an American socialist lawyer and left-wing activist who lived most of his life in Mexico City and Yucatán working as the head of the Foreign Language Department of the Ministry of Education. He helped introduce important…

Hornell Hart was a Professor of Sociology at Duke University from 1938 to 1957. He wrote The Enigma of Survival (1959) as well as Toward a New Philosophical Basis for Parapsychological Phenomena. He was well known for studying apparitions and astral…

Herr Max Hausmeister founded the German Neo-Malthusian League, Sozial Harmonische Verein, and its publications, Die Sozial Harmonie, with Karl Lotter in 1889.

The Indian Birth Control Society was started by Professor Gopaljee Ahluwalia of Delhi University in 1922. The Society organized talks and lectures, distributed leaflets and pamphlets, and conducted a Birth Control Reference and Circulating Library.

Max Hodann was a German socialist, sex educator and physician associated with the Institute of Sexual Science, who ran two birth control clinics in Berlin.

Edith How-Martyn was a British feminist, suffragette and birth control advocate who became director of the Birth Control International Information Centre.

Eugène Humbert worked for birth control in France in the 1920s.

In July, 1924 the League opened a space on Michigan Avenue in Chicago, where physicians could give instruction and advice about birth control to patients. A second site was later opened on Lincoln St. to serve the same purpose.

Keikichi Ishimoto,  the son of a war hero, was a mining engineer, labor reformer and a Christian humanist who visited the U.S. in 1919.  He was the husband of Shidzue Katō, the president of the Japanese Birth Control League, with whom he started…

Abe Isoo was a Japanese Christian socialist, parliamentarian, and activist. He helped found the first Japanese Socialist Party.

Thit (Maria Kristine Dorothea) Jensen was a Danish feminist who founded the Foreningen for Sexsuel Oplysning (The Union for Sexual Enlightenment) in 1924.

A British teacher and trade union organizer who belonged to the Labour Party and was one of the first female Members of Parliament.
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