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Gabriel Giroud's report on the French birth control situation, covers the effects of the 1920 law banning contraception, small families on the French economy, the pro-natalist government and culture in France and efforts to promote birth control…

Gabriel Giroud was a leading French birth control propagandist who wrote under the pseudonym, Georges Hardy and was associated with La Ligue de la Régénération Humaine.

Gaston Doumergue was president of France when the anti-contraception law was passed in 1920.

Eugène Humbert worked for birth control in France in the 1920s.

An organization that worked to increase the French birth rate in the 1920s.

Tire company that supported pro-natalists in France in 1920s.

Professor Henri Jean Baptiste Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu was an opponent of birth control who wrote La Question de Population.

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States, a progressive politician and opponent of birth control.

Georges Beltrami was a professor at the School of Medicine of Marseilles who opposed the 1920 French law against birth control

Dr. Lascaux opposed laws against birth control.

Dr. Gottschalk opposed laws against birth control.

A newsletter documenting the formation of the BCIIC London Centre, birth control in South Africa, China, India, as well as Margaret Sanger's tour of Asia and to birth control opposition in the Philippines.

The Birth Control International Information Centre was founded by Margaret Sanger and Edith How-Martyn in 1930, to gather information on birth control activities around the world, foster the establishment of leagues and clinics, and sponsor tours and…

Thit Jensen's account of her struggle for birth control in Denmark delivered at Sixth International Neo-Malthusian and Birth Control Conference.

Thit (Maria Kristine Dorothea) Jensen was a Danish feminist who founded the Foreningen for Sexsuel Oplysning (The Union for Sexual Enlightenment) in 1924.

Sanger enjoyed Humbert's La Reforme Modern and describes Congressional Hearings on doctors'-only bill.

Paper delivered by Johann Ferch to the Sixth International Neo-Malthusian and Birth Control Conference in New York, about propaganda efforts in Austria, Austrian law on birth control, Malthusianism, and over-population.

Johann Ferch was an Austrian neo-Malthusian, socialist writer, and printer who organized some twenty-two Mother’s Advice Clinics in Austria, with his wife Betti Ferch.

Betti Ferch was an Austrian birth control activist who served as chair of the Bund fur Geburtenkontrolle from 1925-34.

The Bund, founded by Johann Ferch in 1923 in Vienna, used neo-Malthusian principles to justify support of birth control. changed its name to Association for Birth Control in 1925.

How-Martyn reports on her birth control travels in Palestine and Syria, her efforts to start birth control services there and how the French and British colonial governments affected her work. Also discusses the relations between Jews, Christians…

Edith How-Martyn was a British feminist, suffragette and birth control advocate who became director of the Birth Control International Information Centre.

Herman Rubinraut was a Polish-Jewish socialist physician who with Justyna Budzinska-Tylicka, founded the Birth Control Section of the Workers’ Society for Social Services.

Rubinraut writes about the situation in Poland; a new law, the opposition of Catholics, growing public acceptance, and tactics for creating a successful birth control movement there.

Poland revised its penal code on abortion in 1932, introducing exceptions for abortions for pregnancies resulting from crimes or threats to the woman's health or life, and introduced the requirement to have a certificate on the need for the procedure…

An organization that served as a clearing house for research on sex and sexuality, founded by Magnus Hirschfeld in 1921. The League held congresses in Copenhagen (1928), London (1929), Vienna (1930), and Brno (1932). It dissolved in 1932 and many of…

Haddasah is a Jewish woman's association, founded in the United States in 1912, that focuses on health education, social action and advocacy. Starting in 1913 Hadassah sent nurses and health workers to provide services in Palestine.

Jewish doctor in Palestine who worked with Hadassah in Jerusalem and quietly supported birth control efforts there.

Olga Ginsburg was a Russian-born gynecologist who helped found the Women’s International Zionist Organization and had worked at the Illinois Birth Control League in Chicago in the 1920s before moving to Palestine in September, 1933.

The Poradnia Świadomego Macierzyństwa w Warszawie was a birth control clinic opened by Drs. Herman Rubinraut and Justyna Budzińska-Tylicka in 1931.

Max Hodann was a German socialist, sex educator and physician associated with the Institute of Sexual Science, who ran two birth control clinics in Berlin.

Leonard Moore was an American, born in Beirut but trained in the United States, who returned to Syria in 1931 to work at the American University, specializing in pediatrics.

Haddad was a physician at the American University Hospital in Beirut who met with Edith How-Martyn regarding providing birth control services.

Margaret Sanger founded the American birth control movement and was a leader in efforts to internationalize birth control from the 1920s-1950s. She opened the first birth control clinic in the United States, worked to overturn the Comstock Act's ban…

Maximillian Thule was a Polish senator associated with the Christian Democrat Party and a physician.,

Tadeusz “Boy” Źelinski, was a controversial Polish social critic and non-practicing physician who advocated women’s rights to civil marriage, divorce, birth control and abortion. Zelinski, who helped establish the Poradnia Świadomego…

On July 23, 1920, France passed a law prohibiting the sale of birth control devices and the distribution of birth control or abortion propaganda. It was amended in 1967.

The Dutch branch of the Malthusian League was founded in 1881.

How-Martyn writes about the issues facing birth control in India as well as a potential international conference, a new birth control clinic in Cape Town, South Africa, and the progress of birth control in Czechoslovakia.

How-Martyn recounts stories of some passengers on a boat in Canada about their experiences or need for birth control, or experiences being deported from Canada because of violating laws related to birth control and abortion.

During her trip to Spain, How-Martyn describes talking to locals about birth control, and a greater need to expand efforts in Asia and Africa.

How-Martyn briefly summarizes a correspondence with the Indian government, talks about a Chinese doctor who is writing a book on the subject of birth control

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Bessie Ingham Drysdale was a British educator and Neo-Malthusian. She taught at Stockwell College before joining her husband, Charles Vickery Drysdale, working for the Malthusian League.

Hugo de Vries was a Dutch botanist and geneticist best known for suggesting the concept of genes, introducing the term “mutation,” and developing a mutual theory of evolution.

Knut Wicksell was a Swedish economist identified with the Stockholm school of thought. He proposed solutions to labor and societal issues based on Malthusian ideas about birth control, which he defended until the end of his life.

Gopalji Ahluwalia established the Indian Eugenic Society in Lehore and Simla in 1921, before moving to Delhi in 1922, where he started the Indian Birth Control Society. During that same year, he began corresponding with other birth control activists…

Anne Kennedy worked for the American Birth Control League, and organized the San Francisco Birth Control Committee in August, 1924.
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